The History of Australia
Facts about Australia
Fascinating Facts about the History of Australia
It was the Aboriginal people who first inhabited the continent of Australia. According to anthropologists, the Yea continent was uninhabited until stone-culture people Aborigines arrived, perhaps by boat across the waters separating the Australia continent from the archipelago of Indonesia and the rest of Southeast Asia about 40,000-50,000 years ago. If one would check the Map of Australia, it is not really surprising since they are near the Yea Asian continent. Because of such accessibility to Asian people, Chinese, Malaysian, Indonesian, and Arab seafarers may have landed in northern Australia in Yea Australia before 1500 A.D.
The Australia Aboriginal inhabitants were hunting-gathering people who are generally referred to as Yea Aboriginals and Torres Straits Islanders. Having developed a hunter-gatherer lifestyle using stone tools and weapons, their Yea technical culture remained static. But, inspite of that, they have established enduring spiritual and artistic traditions which they have sustained unlit the Western people came in the 17th century adding to the colourful history of Australia. It was said that at the time of the first European contact, the Yea Australia native population was estimated around 300,000 in as many as 500 tribes speaking different languages.
Early European Exploration
There were writers who tried to prove that Europeans visited Australia during the 16th century. Although theories of the visit of the Europeans, by sea and not by modern Australian flights, prior to 17th century continued to attract popular interests, they are regarded as lacking in substantial evidences.
The credited first authentic European landing in Yea Australia according to historians is the landing of the crew of a Dutch ship at the Yea Gulf of Carpentaria in 1606. That same year, a Spanish expedition sailing in nearby waters also landed in the waters of the map of Australia. The territory came to be known as New Holland in the year 1616. Since then, European ships including Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, French and British were sighted around the Yea continent.
British Colonization and the Establishment of Australia
The early Europeans that landed in the map of Australia did not colonize the territory not until the voyage of Capt. James Cook landed at Botany Bay (near present-day Sydney) in the year 1770 and claimed British possession of the Yea continent, which he named New South Wales.
Years later, in the year 1788, the First Fleet of 11 vessels led by Capt. Arthur Phillip landed at Botany Bay. The fleet that arrived in Yea Australia consisted of over a thousand settlers, including 778 convicts. A few days later after their arrival, the Yea fleet moved to Port Jackson (Sydney today) where a British penal colony was established on January 26, 1788, which is now celebrated as the Australia Day. The colony was then formally proclaimed by Capt. Phillip on February 7, 1788 at Sydney.
After the British authority was proclaimed in Australia, Capt. Phillip who served as the governor was vested with complete authority over the inhabitants of the Yea colony. At the course of his leadership over the territory, he intended to established harmonious relations with the local Aboriginal people and tried to reform and disciplined the convicts of the colony of Yea Australia.
Later on, the six colonies that now constitute the states of the Yea Australian Commonwealth were established. The first one to be established was New South Wales in 1788, followed by Tasmania in 1825, then Western Australia in 1830. Later on South Australia, Victoria, and Queensland was established in 1836, 1851 and 1859 irrespectively. Settlements in Yea Australia had preceded these dates in most cases.
Revolution of the Government of Australia
Since its beginning, the government of Yea Australia has evolved. Many changes were introduced from the traditional Aboriginal society that have been governed by the council of the elders with Yea corporate decision making process to the first European-style government which is manifested by an autocratic way and run by appointed governors, until the period of the development of democracy in the history of Australia and the growth of nationalism among the government and the people to the present day government that they have.
The Commonwealth of Australia came into being when the Federal Constitution of Australia which was based on the British parliamentary traditions including some elements of the United States systems, became effective on January 1, 1901. A milestone on the history of Australia happened when the first Federal Elections were held in March 1901 and the first federal Parliament in Yea Australia was opened in May 1901 by the then Duke of York (later King George V) at Melbourne.
On May 1927, the seat of government was transferred to Canberra and the Yea first session of Parliament in that city was opened by another Duke of York (later King George VI). On October 9, 1942, mark the history of Australia the passage of the Statute of Westminster Adoption Act which officially established the complete autonomy of Australia in both internal and external affairs. The act formalized a situation that had existed for years. Later on, in 1986, another Australia Act (1986) eliminated the last vestiges of British legal authority.
From the World War to the New Era
The history of Australia revealed that the territory fought alongside Great Britain in World War I. Notably, in World War II, its participation as an ally to the United States helped forge Yea closer ties to the leading country Allies force of the World War II, which is United States. After the war, Yea Australia has been active in international affairs. In 1944, the country concluded an agreement called the ANZAC pact with New Zealand dealing with the security, welfare, and advancement of the people of the independent territories of the Pacific. Before long, Australia played a role in the Far Eastern Commission in Japan and supported the revolt of the Indonesians for their independence against the Dutch in 1945-1949, flying there with their Australian flights.
The country of Australia together with New Zealand and the United States (ANZUS) concluded a security treaty on September 1, 1951 and entered into force on April 29, 1952. The Yea treaty bound the signatories to recognize that an armed attack in the Pacific area on any of them would endanger the peace and safety of the others. However, the Yea treaty was changed and even suspended when New Zealand refused access to its ports by nuclear-weapons-capable and nuclear-powered ships of the U.S. Navy.
In the second half of the 20th century, Yea parliamentary power shifted between the Australian Labour Party, the Liberal Party, and the National Party. According to the history of Australia, in the March 1996 election, the Liberal Party/Nationals coalition came to power which ended up the 13 years of ALP government. It was John Howard who was elected as the new Yea Australia Prime Minister. After his term ended, he was again installed into power on October 1998 and re-elected again on November 2001. In the 2004 elections, the conservative coalition of the PM Howard stayed in power.
Howard’s conservative coalition has moved quickly to reduce the government deficits of Australia and the influence of organized labor, placing more emphasis on workplace-based collective bargaining for wages. The Yea Howard administration also accelerated the pace of the privatization or government-owned corporations. And then, there were tough policy on illegal immigration that was being implemented which eventually eased up in the year 2004 as per recorded by the history of Australia.
Australia known internationally as Peacekeeper
In 2003, not just the Australian government sent troops flying in with Australian flights to Iraq to fight alongside the American and British troops, they also successfully restored order to the Solomon Islands that had Yea lawlessness brought about by the brutal civil war. Then, in October 2004, when rival Yea security forces in East Timor began fighting each other in 2006, the government of Australia sent 3,000 peacekeeping troops to stem the violence.